In this article, Dr Nisarg Patel, a from top IVF doctors in Ahmedabad talks about “Effects of Smoking on Male and Female Fertility”. Dr Nisarg Patel is Director, Consultant Gynecologist and Obstetrician, Laparoscopic Surgeon and IVF Doctor in Ahmedabad at the Nisha IVF Center.
He is a Qualified Obstetrician and Gynecologist with Fellowships in Infertility and IVF and Obstetric and Gynecological Ultrasound from IKDRC, Ahmedabad. He has performed over 8,000 IVF cycles with a 60% success rate.
Smoking and fertility
The negative health consequences of smoking, such as malignancies, emphysema, coronary heart disease and other conditions, are well known to the majority of the population.
A lesser known fact is that smoking negatively impacts the reproductive health of men and women as well as overall health.
Every man and woman should be aware that smoking, whether or not they intend to have children later in life, can significantly harm the health of their reproductive system.
Nisha IVF Center is one of the most prestigious fertility centers clinics iin Ahmedabad, India. Having years of experience, gynecologists and IVF specialists have a very high success rate in therapy.
It is one of the most reputable and trusted IVF centers in Ahmedabad, notes Dr Nisarg Patel, one of the top IVF specialists.
The effects of smoking on male infertility
Men who smoke have lower levels of sperm matter and sperm motility than those who do not smoke. Some studies even suggest that male smokers are much more likely than non-smokers to produce sperm with genetic abnormalities.
If the associated woman becomes pregnant, the chances of the genetic damage being passed directly to the growing child or posing a threat to the mother’s ability to become pregnant are really great.
Smoking (including second-hand smoke) can also cause sexual difficulties such as erectile dysfunction, which can have a ripple effect on long-term fertility.
The effects of smoking on female infertility
Smoking increases the time it takes for women to become pregnant compared to non-smokers.
They have lower estrogen levels, which prevents the improvement and maturity of the eggs. Smoking is believed to prevent good ovulation by causing negative fallopian tubes and reducing ovarian reserve, which mainly manifests in thinness and egg count.
Regarding women undergoing IVF treatment
Based in Ahmedabad, Dr Nisarg Patel, an IVF specialist, says that smoking has been shown to significantly reduce the success rates of women undergoing IVF treatment.
In large part, this is because smoking causes vascular problems, which prevent the embryo from implanting in the inner wall of the uterus. For this reason, women who are considering IVF procedures are advised to stop smoking before starting any reproductive therapy.
Is it possible that smoking is having an impact on my children?
Men whose mothers smoked ½% (or more) cigarettes per afternoon had lower sperm counts than those whose mothers did not smoke. Smoking during pregnancy can also cause the child to be more restricted from birth than during early pregnancy.
Pediatricians have shown that children born with lower than expected birth weights are at greater risk of developing clinical problems later in life (as well as diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease).
Children whose mothers and fathers smoke are at an increased risk of developing Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and severe asthma, notes Dr Nisarg Patel, a prominent IVF doctor from Ahmedabad.
The implications for an unborn child
Even if a woman is successful in conceiving, the various negative repercussions of smoking can prevent her from being able to conceive in the future. Here are some of the ramifications:
- The baby’s birth weight has been reduced.
- Premature delivery of a child
- Deaths occurring before the period
- Deaths due to “surprisingly small infant death syndrome”
- Birth defects are more likely to occur as a result of this.
Studies by the American Society of Hematology (ASH) have also shown that smoking interferes with the development of a healthy reproductive mechanism in the unborn child, which can lead to decreased fertility in the male infant / female in the future.
For example, research has shown that women who smoke at any time during their pregnancy are at an increased risk of giving birth to male children who have smaller testes and lower sperm counts.
Children whose mothers and fathers smoke are significantly more prone to respiratory infections such as bronchial allergies and wheezing than adults.
Quitting smoking may not be a simple process, but it is not necessarily impossible to achieve. When preparing a child, it is not only encouraged but also essential that you reduce your backsliding and end up quitting smoking altogether.
It may also require a number of attempts and locations away from your home, but nothing will compare to the happiness you will experience when you get to hug your little one for the very first time.
Are there any benefits to quitting smoking in terms of increasing my chances of conceiving and having a healthy pregnancy?
Yes. Stopping smoking can improve fertility, although the lower the number of eggs, the more likely the effect will be permanent. The cost of getting pregnant with headaches caused by smoking decreases the longer a person has been freed from the habit of smoking.
However, research has shown that working collaboratively with your health care provider and / or a guided group significantly increases your chances of successfully quitting.
A nicotine replacement (such as a nicotine gum or patch) and / or a prescription medicine called bupropion can sometimes help people quit smoking faster, and you can use these methods even while trying to conceive if needed.
After considering the risks and benefits of using them during pregnancy, you and your healthcare professional may decide to continue using them during your pregnancy.
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